Perineo - Bibliografia
 

Os artigos e livros abaixo foram consultados para a construção do conteúdo deste site.

Abrams P, Cardozo L, Fall M, Griffiths D, Rosier P, Ulmsten U, van Kerrebroeck P, Victor A, Wein A. The standardisation of terminology of lower urinary tract function: report from the Standardisation Sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Jul;187(1):116-26

Abrams P, Cardozo L, Fall M, Griffiths D, Rosier P, Ulmsten U, Van Kerrebroeck P, Victor A, Wein A. Standardisation Sub-Committee of the International Continence Society. The standardisation of terminology in lower urinary tract function: report from the standardisation sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Urology. 2003 Jan;61(1):37-49.

Achtari C, Dwyer PL. Sexual function and pelvic floor disorders. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, v.19, n.6, p. 993-1008. 2005.

Albright TS, Gehrich AP, Davis GD, Sabi FL, Buller JL. Arcus tendineus fascia pelvis: a further understanding. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Sep;193(3 Pt 1):677-81.

Allen RE, Hosker GL, Warrew DW. Pelvic floor damage and childbirth: A neurophysiological study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology v.97 n.9 p.770-9 setembro de 1990.

Amaye-Obu FA, Drutz HP. Surgical mamagement of recurrent stress urinary incontinence: A 12-year experience. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.181, n.6, p.1296-309, dezembro de 1999.

Amaro JL, Gameiro MOO. Tratamento não cirúrgico da incontinência urinária de esforço. Jornal da Incontinência Urinária Feminina, v.5, 2003.

Amaro JL, Agostinho AD, Trindade JCS, Lautenschlager MFM, Gameiro MOO. Reeducação períneo-esfincteriana no tratamento da incontinência urinária de esforço. Jornal da Incontinência Urinária Feminina, v.5, 2003.

Arend MGP, Arend G, Latorre GFS. Uso do biofeedback em paciente com incontinência fecal e dissinergia do assoalho pélvico. Relato de caso. Lecturas Educación Física y Deportes (Buenos Aires), v. 16, p. 160, 2011.

Ashton-Miller JA, Howard D, DeLancey JOL. The functional anatomy of the female pelvic floor and stress continence control system. Scandinavian Journal of Nephrology. Supplement. v.207, 2001.

Ashton-Miller JA, DeLancey JOL. Functional anatomy of the female pelvic floor. Manuscrito para Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences, fevereiro de 2007.

Aukee P, Usenius J, Kirkinen P. An evaluation of pelvic floor anatomy and function by MRI. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology, v.112, n.1, p.84-6, janeiro de 2004.

Barbosa AMP, Gameiro MOO, Peraçoli JC, Martins AMVC, Cunha MV. Anatomia, fisiologia e importância clínica do corpo perineal. Revista Femina, v.33, n.11, p.841-6, novembro de 2005.

Barlow DH, Cardozo LD, Francis RM, Griffin M, Hart DM, Stephens E, Sturdee DW. Urogenital ageing and its effect ons exual health in older British women. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, v.104, p.87-91, janeiro de 1997.

Bathia NN, Ostergard DR, McQuown D. Ultrassonography in urinary incontinence. Urology, v29, p.90, 1987.

Beleza ACS, Nakano AMS, Santos CB. Práticas obstétricas: fatores de risco para o trauma perineal. Revista Femina, v32, n.7, p.605-10, agosto de 2004.

Benvenuti F, Caputo GM, Sandinelli S. Reeducative treatment os female genuine stress incontinence. American Journal of Physiology and Medicine, v 66, p. 155, 1987.

Bernardes NO, Péres FR, Souza ELBL, Souza OL. Métodos de tratamento utilizados na incontinência urinária de esforço genuína: um estudo comparativo entre cinesioterapia e eletroestimulação endovaginal. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, n. 22, v.1. p. 49-54, 2000.

Berghmans LCM, Hendriks HJM, Bø K, Hay-Smith EJC, de Bie RA, van Waalwijk van Doorn ESC. Conservative treatment of stress genuine incontinence in women: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. British Journal of Urology, v.82, p.181-191, 1998.

Berghmans LCM, Bø K, Bernards N, Grupping-Morel M, Bluyssen N, Hendriks E, Ierland MJ, Raadgers M, D'Ancona CAL, Tamanini JT, Palma P, Netto JR NR. Clinical practice guidelines for the physical therapy of patients with stress urinary incontinence. Urodinâmica e uroginecologia, v.6 n.1 p.1-14, 2003.

Bernstein IT. The pelvic floor muscles: muscle thickness in healthy and urinary-incontinent women measured by perineal ultrassonography with reference to the effect of pelvic floor training. Estrogen receptor estudies. Neurological and Urodinamics, v.16, p. 237, 1997.

Bezerra LRPS, Oliveira E, Bortolini MAT, Hamerski MG, Bacarat EC, Sartori MGF, Girão MJBC. Comparação entre as Terminologias Padronizadas por Baden e Walker e pela ICS para o Prolapso Pélvico Feminino. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, v.26, n.6, p.441-7, 2004.

Binik YM. The DSM diagnostic criteria for vaginismus. Arch Sex Behav. 2010 Apr;39(2):278-91.

Bø K, Kvarstein B, Hager R. et al. Pelvic floor muscle exercise for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: 1. reability of vaginal pressure measurements of pelvic floor muscle strenght. Neurology and Urodinamics, v.90, p.471, 1990.

Bø K. Pelvic floor muscle exercise for the treatment of stres urinary incontinence: an exercise physiology perspective. International Urogynecology Journal, v.6, p. 282-291, 1995.

Bø K, Talseth T, Holme I. Single blind, randomised controlled trial of pelvis floor exercises, eletrical stimulation, vaginal cones, and no treatment in management of genuine stress incontinence in women. British Medical Journal, v.318, p.487-93, fevereiro 1999.

Bø K, Kvarstein B; Nygaard IE. Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercise Adherence After 15 Years. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.105, p. 99-05, 2005.

Bø K, Backe-Hansen KL. Do elite athletes experience low back, pelvic girdle and pelvic floor complaints during and after pregnancy? Scand J Med Sci Sports 2007(17)480–487

Bø K, A H Haakstad L, Voldner N. Do pregnant women exercise their pelvic floor muscles? IntUrogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 jul;18(7):733–6.

Boyles SH, Weber AM, Meyn L. Procedures for pelvic organ prolapse in the United States, 1979-1997. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, v.188 p.108-15, 2003.

Boreham MK, Zaretsky MV, Corton MM, Alexander JM, McIntire DD, Twickler DM. Appearance of the elevator ani muscle in pregnancy as assessed by 3-D MRI. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.193, n.6, p.2159-64, dezembro de 2005.

Brooke R. The pelvic joints during and after parturition and pregnancy. Practitioner. 1930;7:307.

Brubaker L, Benson T, Bent A, Clark A, Shott S. Transvaginal eletrical stimulation for female urinary incontinence. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.177, n.3, p.536-40, setembro de 1997.

Buchsbaum GM, Duecy EE, Kerr LA, Huang L, Guzick DS. Urinary incontinence in nuliparous women and their parous sisters. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.106, p.1253-8, 2005.

Bump RC, Hurt G, Fantl A, Wyman JF. Assessment of Kegel muscle exercise performance after brief verbal instruction. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.165, n.2, p. 322-29, agosto de 1991.

Bump RC, Mattiasson A, Bø K, Brubaker LP, DeLancey JOL, Klarskov P, Shull BL, Smith ARB. The standardization of terminology of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.175, n.1, p.10-7, julho de 1996.

Burgio KL, Robinson C, Engel BT. The role of biofeedback in Kegel exercise training for stress urinary incontinence. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.154, n.1, p. 58-64, janeiro de 1986.

Burgio KL, Locher JL, Zyczynski H, Hardin JM, Singh K. Urinary incontinence during pregnancy in a racially mixed sample: characteristics and predisposing factors. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 1996;7:69-72.

Burrows LJ, Meyn LA, Walters MD, Weber AM. Pelvic symptoms in women with pelvic organ prolapse. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.104, p.982-8, 2004.

Cacchioni T, Wolkowitz C. Treating women's sexual difficulties: the body work of sexual therapy. Sociol Health Illn. 2011 Feb;33(2):266-79. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01288.x. Epub 2011 Jan 17.

Castro AP, Pereira VS, Serrão PRMS, Driusso P. Eficácia do biofeedback para o tratamento da incontinência urinária de esforço: uma revisão sistemática. Scientia Medica (Porto Alegre) 2010; volume 20, número 3, p. 257-263

Camargo SF. Cirurgia ginecológica: propostas e refinamentos. 2 ed. São Paulo: BYK, 331 p., 1998.

Cammu H, Nylen MV, Blockeel C, Kaufmann L, Amy J. Who will benefit pelvic floor muscle training for stress urinary incontinence? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.191, n.4, p. 1152-57, outubro de 2005.

Capelini VMA, Riceeto CLZ, Palma PCR. Tratamento da incontinência urinária de esforço com biofeedback: análise obketiva e impacto sobre a qualidade de vida. Dissertação de mestrado apresentada ao Departamento de Cirurgia da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, em fevereiro de 2005.

Cardoso FL, Sacomori C, Sperandio FF, Latorre GFS. Avaliação teórica, empírica e analítica da versão curta do Questionário de Sexualidade na Gestação. Terapia Manual, v.10, p.66-74, 2012.

Carlile A, Davies I, Rigby A, Brocklehurst JC. Age changes in the human female urethra: a morphometric study. Journal of Urology, v. 139, n.3, p. 532-5, março 1988.

Castro RA, Arruda RM, Takano CC, Girão MJBCG, Satori MGF, Bacarat EC, Lima GR. Tratamento da incontinência urinária com eletroestimulação. GO Atual, n.4, p.49-50, abril de 1998.

Castro EB, Palma PCR, Herrmann V, Riccetto C, Thiel M. Aspectos atuais no tratamento do prolapso de cúpula vaginal. Revista Femina, v.133, n.3, p.18792, março de 2005.

Chen L, Ashton-Miller JA, Hsu Y, DeLancey JOL. Interaction among apical support, levator ani impairment, and anterior vaginal wall prolapse. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.108, p.324-32, 2006.

Chow Q, DeLancey JOL. A structured system to evaluate urethral support anatomy in magnetic resonance images. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.185 n.1 p.44-50 julho de 2001.

Cisco AG, Lingwen Y. Differential gene-expression in pubococcygeus muscle from patients with opelvic organ prolapse. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.189, n.1, p.102-12, julho de 2003.

Combs CA, Robertson PQ, Laros RK. Risk factors for third-degree and fourth-degree perineal lacerations in forceps and vacuum deliveries. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.163, n.1, parte 1, p.100-4, julho de 1990.

Cruikshank SH, Kovac R. The functional anatomy of urethra: role of the pubourethral ligaments. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.176, n.6, p.1200-5, junho de 1997.

Cundiff GW, Harris RL, Coates KW, Bump RC. Clinical predictors of urinary incontinence in women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.177, n.2, p.262-7, agosto de 1997.

Culligan P, Heit M. Urinary Incontinence in Women: Evaluation and Management. American Academy od Family Physicians. p. 2447, 2000.

D’Ancona CAL. Valor da Avaliação Urodinâmica na Incontinência Urinária Esfincteriana. Jornal da Incontinência Urinária Feminina, v.2, 2000.

DATA-SUS: Lista de Morbidade pelo CID-10: Doenças do Aparelho Genital Feminino – Prolapso Genital. Base de Dados do Sistema Único de Saúde: Brasília, http://tabnet.datasus.gov.Br/cgi/sih/mrmap.htm, 2012.

DATA-SUS: Lista de Morbidade pelo CID-10, prolapso genital feminino: internações e custo total. Ministério da Saúde - Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS (SIH/SUS), 2012.

Davis K. Posterior pelvic floor compartment disorders. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, v.19, n.6, p.941-58, dezembro de 2005.

DeLancey JOL. Structural support of the urethra as it relates to stress urinary incontinence: the hammock hypotesis American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.170, p. 1713, 1994.

DeLancey JOL. Stress urinary incontinence: Where are we now, where should we go? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.175, v.175, n.2, p.311-9, agosto de 1996.

DeLancey JOL, Toglia MR, Peruchinni D. Internal and external anal sphincter anatomy as it relates to midline obstetric lacerations. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.90, n.6, p.924-27, dezembro de 1997.

DeLancey JOL, Hurd WW. Size of the urogenital hiatus in the levator ani muscles in normal women and women with pelvic organ prolapse. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.91 n.3 p.364-8 março de 1998.

DeLancey JOL. Structural anatomy of the posterior pelvic compartment as it relates to rectocele. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.180 n.4 p.815-23 abril de 1999.

DeLancey JOL. Fascial and muscular abnormalities in women with urethral hypermobility and anterior vaginal wall prolapse. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.187, n1, p.93-8, 2002.

DeLancey JOL, Kearney R, Chou Q, Speights S, Binno S. The appearance of levator ani muscle abnormalities in magnetic resonance images after vaginal delivery. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.10 n.1 p.46-53 2003.

DeLancey JOL. The hidden epidemic of pelvic floor dysfunction: Achieavable goals for improved prevention and treatment. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.192, p.1488-95, 2005.

DeLancey JOL, Morgan DM, Fenner DE, Kearney R, Guire K, Miller JM, Hussain H, Umek W, Hsu Y, Ashton-Miller JA. Comparison of levantor ani muscle defects and function in women with and without pelvic organ prolapse. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.109, p.295-302, 2007.

DeLancey JOL, Ashton-Miller JA. Functional Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Floor. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1101: 266–296 (2007). 2007 New York Academy of Sciences.doi: 10.1196/annals.1389.034

DeLancey JOL, Ashton-Miller JA. On the Biomechanics of Vaginal Birth and Common Sequelae. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2009 ; 11: 163–176. doi:10.1146/annurev-bioeng-061008-124823.

Dewhurst J, DeSwiet M & Chamberlain J. Basics sciences in obstetrics and gynaecology. Churchill Livingstone 6, 1992.

Dietz HP, Bennett MJ. The Effect of Childbirth on Pelvic Organ Mobility. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.102, p. 223-228, 2003.

Dietz HO, Lazarone V. Levator trauma after delivery. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.106, p. 707-12, 2005.

Dietz HO, Wilson PD. Childbirth and pelvic floor trauma. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetric & Gynaecology, v.19, n.6, p.913-24, dezembro de 2005.

Dietz HP, Shek KL. Levator function and voluntary augmentation of maximum urethral closure pressure. Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Mar 14.

Dombek K & Latorre GFS. Avaliação da incontinência urinária na qualidade de vida em gestantes. Lecturas Educación Física y Deportes (Buenos Aires), v. 16, p. 159, 2011.

Dumoulin C, Lemieux MC, Bourbonnais D, Gravel D, Bravo G, Morin M. Physiotherapy for persistent postnatal stress urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.3, p.504-10, setembro de 2004.

Dwyer PL, Lee ETC, Hay DM. Obesity and urinary incontinence in women. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, v.95, p.91, 1988.

Ecker JF, Tan WM, Bansal RK, Bishop JT, Kilpatrick SJ. Is there a benefit to episiotomy at operative vaginal delivery? Observations over ten years in a stable population. . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.176 n.2 p.411-4, fevereiro de 1997.

Enoka RM. Neuromechanical basis of kynesiology. 2 ed., Cleveland: Human Kinetics, 466p., 1998.

Fantl JA, Wyman JF, McClish DK, Harkins SW, Elswick RK, Taylor Jr. et al. Efficacy of bladder training in older women with urinary incontinence. JAMA, v.265, p. 609, 1991.

Ferreira DR, Ferreira-Neto GF, Latorre GFS. Análise pelo QS-F da satisfação sexual feminina durante a gestação. Lecturas Educación Física y Deportes (Buenos Aires), v. 16, p. 158, 2011.

Ferreira M, Santos P. Evidência Científica Baseada Nos Programas de Treino dos Músculos do Pavimento Pélvico. Acta Med Port 2011; 24: 309-318

Finckenhagen HB, Bø K. The effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise o stress urinary incontinence. Tidsskr Nor Laeg, v. 118, p. 2015-17, 1998.

Fitzpatrick M, Herlihi CO. The effects of labou and delivery on the pelvic floor. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetric & Gynaecology, v.15, n.1, p.63-79, fevereiro de 2001.

Foldspang A, Mommsen S, Lam GW, Elving L. Parity as a correlate of adult female urinary incontinence prevalence. J Epidemiol Community Health 1992;46:595-600.

Gameiro MOO, Amaro JL. Eletroestimulação endovaginal e exercícios perineais no tratamento da incontinência urinária feminina. Jornal da Incontinência Urinária Feminina, v.6, 2000.

Géo MS, de Menezes AC, Lima RSBC, Cota AMM, Abrão LJ, Soares CL. Impacto da Incontinência Urinária na Qualidade de Vida. Jornal da Incontinência Urinária Feminina, v.6, 2004.

Ghetti C, Gregory WT, Edwards SR, Otto LN, Clark AL. Pelvic organ descent and symptoms of pelvic floor disorders. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Jul;193(1):53-7.

Gilpin SA, Gosling JA, Smith ARB, Warrell DW. The pathogenesis of genitourinary prolapse and stress incontinence of urine. A histological and histochemical study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, v.96, janeiro, p.15-23, janeiro de 1989.

Girão MJBC, Sartori MGF, de Lima GR, Bacarat EC. Alterações do Trato Urinário no Climatério. Jornal da Incontinência Urinária Feminina, v4, 2002.

Given FT, Muhlendorf IK, Browning GM. Vaginal lenght and sexual function after colpopexy for complete uterovaginal eversion. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.169, n.2, parte 1, p.284-8, agiosto de 1999.

Glazener CMA, Herbison GP, MacArthur C, Grant A, Wilson PD. Randomised controlled trial os conservative management of postnatal urinary and faecal incontinence: six year follow up. British Medical Journal, v.330, p.330-37, 2005.

Gosling JA, Dixon JS, Critchley HOD. A comparative study of the human external sphincter and periuretral levator ani muscles. British Journal of Urology, v.53, p.35, 1981

Gregory WT, Lou J, Stuyvesant A, Clark AL. Quantitative electromyography of the anal sphincter after uncomplicated vaginal delivery. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.104, p. 327-35, 2004.

Guaderrama NM, Liu J, Nager CW, Pretorius DH, Sheean G, Kassab G, Mittal RK. Evidence for the innervation of pelvic floor muscle by the pudendal nerve. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.106, p.774-81, 2005.

Guedes FC. Uro-gineco-obstetrícia: destaques e controvérsias. São Paulo: BYK, 196 p., 1997.

Gustilo-Ashby AM, Paraiso MF, Jelovsek JE, Walters MD, Barber MD. Bowel symptoms 1 year after surgery for prolapse: further analysis of a randomized trial of rectocele repair. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jul;197(1):76.e1-5.

Halbe HW. Tratado de Ginecologia. 2 ed., São Paulo : Roca, 1995.

Handa VL, Cundiff G, Chang HH, Helzlsouer KJ. Female sexual function and pelvic floor disorders. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 May;111(5):1045-52.

Hay-Smith EJC, Bø K, Berghmans LCM, Hendriks, HJM, de Bie RA, van Waalwijk van Doorn ESC. Pelvic Floor Muscle Training for Urinary Incontinence in Women (Cochrane Review). Oxford: The Cochrane Library, v.1, 2001.

Hay-Smith J, Mørkved S, Fairbrother KA, Herbison GP. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and faecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Oct 8;(4):CD007471.

H¢jberg KE, Salvig JD, Winslow NA, Lose G, Secher NJ. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;106:842-50.

Hentschel H. Disfunção Sexual Feminina: Fator Orgânico in HALBE, H.W. Tratado de Ginecologia. 2 ed., São Paulo : Roca, 1995. cap. 153, p.1627-1634.

Herbison P, Plevnik S, Mantle J. Weighted vaginal cones for urinary incontinence in women (Cochrane Review). Oxford: The Cochrane Library, v.1, issue 1, 2001.

Henriksen E. The nonsurgical management of urinary incontinence. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.20, p. 887, 1962

Hilton P. Urinary incontinence during sexual intercourse: a common, but rarely volunteered, symptom. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, v.95, p.377-81, abril de 1988.

Holley RL, Varner RE, Kerns DJ, Mestecky PJ. Long term failure of pelvic floor musculature exersises in treatment of genuine stress incontinence. South Medicine Journal, v.88, p. 547-549, 1995.

Howard D, Miller JM, DeLancey JOL, Ashton-Miller JA. Differential Effects of Cough, Valsalva, and Continence Status on Vesical Neck Movement. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.95, n.4, p.535-540, abril de 2000.

Hsu Y, Fenner DE, Weadock WJ, DeLancey JOL. Magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional analisys of external anal sphincter anatomy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.106, p.1259-65, 2005.

Hsu Y, Summers A, Hussain HK, Guire KE, DeLancey JOL. Levator plate angle in women with pelvic organ prolapse compared to women normal using dynamic MR imaging. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.194, n.5, p.1427-33, maio de 2006.

Hsu Y, Chen L, Huebner M, Ashton-Miller JA, DeLancey JOL. Quantification of levantor ani cross-sectional area differences between women with and without prolapse. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.108, p.879-83, 2006.

Hsu Y, Lewicky-Gaupp C, DeLancey JO. Posterior compartment anatomy as seen in magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional reconstruction from asymptomatic nulliparas. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jun;198(6):651.e1-7. Epub 2008 Feb 1.

Iosif S. Stress incontinence during pregnancy and puerperium. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1981;19:13-20.

Jackson RA, Vittinghoff E, Kanaya AM, Miles TP, Resnick HE, Kritchevsky SB, Simonsick EM, Brown JS. Urinary incontinence in elderly women: findings from the health, aging, and body composition study. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.104, p.301-7, 2004.

Jing D, Ashton-Miller JA, DeLancey JO. A subject-specific anisotropic visco-hyperelastic finite element model of female pelvic floor stress and strain during the second stage of labor. J Biomech. 2012 Feb 2;45(3):455-60. Epub 2011 Dec 29.

Jolleys JV. Reported prevalence of urinary incontinence in women in a general practice. BMJ 1988;296:1300-2.

Józwik M, Józwik M. Partial denervation of the pelvic floor during term vaginal delivery. Int Urogynecol J. 2001;12:81-2.

Jundt K, Peachers UM, Dimpfl T. Lont-term efficacy os pelvic floor re-education with EMG-controlled biofeedback. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, v.105-2, p.283-85, 2002.

Junqueira LC. Histologia Básica. 8 ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan, p. 159-177. 1997.

Kahn MA, Stanton SL. Posterior colporraphy: its effects on bowel and sexual function. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, v.104, p.82-6, janeiro de 1997.

Keane DP, O'Sullivan S. Urinary incontinence: anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, v.14, n.2, p.207-26, abril de 2000.

Kearney R, Sawhney R, DeLancey JOL. Levator ani anatomy evaluated by origin-insertion pairs. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.104, p.168-73, 2004.

Kearney R, Miller J, Ashton-Miller JA, DeLancey JOL. Obstetric factors associated with levator ani muscle injury after vaginal birth. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, v.147, n.1, p.144-149, janeiro de 2006.

Kegel AH. Progressive resistance exercice in the functional restorarion of the perineal muscles. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.56, p. 238-248, 1948.

Kegel AH. Physiologic treatment of poor tone and function of genital muscles and urinary stress incontinence. West Journal of Surgery, v.57, p. 537-535, 1949.

Kegel AH. Sexual functions of the Pubococcygeous muscle. Western Journal of Surgery Obstetric and Gynecologic, v.60, p. 521, 1952.

King JK, Freeman RM. Is antenatal bladder neck mobility a risc factor for postpartum stress incontinence? British Journal os Obstetrics and Gynaecology, v.105, p.1300-7, dezembro de 1998.

Kleeman SD, Westermann C, Karram MM. Rectoceles and the anatomy of the posteriorvaginal wall: revisited. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Dec;193(6):2050-5.

Klein MC, Gauthier RJ, Robbins JM, Kaczorowski J, Jorgensen SH, Franco ED, Johnson B, Waghorn K, Gelfand MM, Guralnick MS, Luskey GW, Joshi AK. Relationship of episiotomy to perineal trauma and morbidity,s exual disfunction, and pelvic floor relaxation. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.171, n.3, p.591-8, 1994.

Klein MC, Janssen PQ, MacEilliam L, Kaczorowski J, Johnson B. Determinants of vaginal-perineal integrity and pelvic floor functioning in childbirth. . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, v.176 n.2, p.403-10, fevereiro de 1997.

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